With 3,500 kilometres of coastline, France is a land of sailors.
Fishing communities and their traditions are rooted in its culture and history.
Yet major changes occurred after the Second World War with the development of industrial fishing.
Today, the profession itself is under risk due to quotas, overfishing and diminishing fish stocks.
We wanted to show seventy years of upheaval through personal stories.
It is often said that seafarers speak little.
Yet ultimately, regardless of what they are fishing, we found passionate people who spoke to us naturally and openly.
In particular, they spoke about a time when fishing was difficult but free, with no other restriction but the sea in stormy weather.
Why we selected this film
A film which presents the problems that small fishers face in France, tracing the history and twists of an industry which has been in crisis since the 1980s.
What went too far?
What were the mistakes which resulted in overfishing and the clashes which took place in the 1990s?
At a time when the seas are being emptied of fish, which solutions to overfishing can we find to achieve sustainable fishing methods?
This well-directed film provides a comprehensive overview of the issue and teaches us much about this little-known world.
Through archive images and interviews, we understand the problems of small traditional fishers more completely.
Corderie Royale de Rochefort & Association Hermione-La Fayette : Prix Mémoire de la Mer 2018
Choose your fish carefully
Today, 90% of commercial marine species are overfished or fished at their sustainable limits… Greenpeace isn’t anti-fishing, but for a type of fishing that affects the least our planet, fishermen and the balance of our oceans.
That is why it is so important that you choose the fish you buy depending on the species (don’t buy threatened species, be aware of reproduction cycles) but also the fishing techniques (forego the fish caught in a destructive manner).
Check out all our detailed recommendations: greenpeace.fr/poissons-consommer-nuire-a-planete/
Diminishing traditional resources
Traditional energy sources (oil, gas, uranium, carbon) are running out.
These sources aren't renewable, and their reserves are diminishing faster and faster: global consumption has increased by 75% in the past 30 years and doesn't show signs of slowing.
If we don't change our habits, we will surpass our planet's capacity for supplying traditional energy sources in the near future.
Consuming locally produced food reduces the number of intermediaries, shortens highly polluting transportation and contributes greatly to reinforce the economic vitality of our regions.
To learn more: bioetlocalcestlideal.org
Water foot print
We also talk of virtual water. This is calculated by taking into account the volumes of water withdrawn or polluted to produce a product (but not its transportation to where it is consumed).
It takes :
- 1,000 liters of water to produce a liter of milk (water consumed by the cow, animal feed and washing);
- 3,920 liters to produce a kilogram of chicken (30 liters to drink and 6,630 liters to grow its feed (cereals and oils);
- 100 liters to produce a kilogram of cotton (mostly for irrigation);
- 15,155 liters of water to produce a kilogram of beef (120 liters to drink, 35 liters for washing and 15,000 liters to produce the feed the animal consumes.