Biodiversity

Deforestation, over-fishing, intensive agriculture… ecosystems are under unprecedented pressure.

These permanent threats are constant reminders for the local populations, companies and governments to innovate to help the people, biodiversity, economy and the environment.

Discover every useful tip we have selected for you in this category.

Biodiversity

THE SOWER

Français - Anglais - 77mn

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ACID OCEAN

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UNLOCKING THE CAGE

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Tips

Use recycled or recovered items

Browse flea markets and second hand stores or search barter/resale websites. The items you’ll find are often in great shape and much more inexpensive than buying new.

Ban all chemical fertilizers

Many chemical fertilizers contain heavy metals, such as lead, mercury or cadmium. When transmitted through the soil to vegetables, they contaminate the entire food chain. Avoid them at all costs!
Pesticides and insecticides contaminate soil and groundwater via rain runoff.
Their production also consumes large amounts of energy. As these products are dangerous even for the farmers that use them (who risk accidental inhalation or ingestion), their packaging becomes dangerous waste that requires costly and complicated disposal.
There are many natural alternatives.

Favor “Eco-friendly” FSC label wood furniture

The FSC certification is today the most reliable label to guarantee the wood you buy comes from a sustainable management forest. Technically, the label should be seen directly on the wood, it guarantees the chain of transformation has been correctly controlled, from the forest to the finished product, everywhere in the world.

The use of local products will diminish transport, which is a huge energy hog and protect local jobs.

Build a bird house

Construct a little bird house and suspend it at least 2,5 m above the ground (a safe distance from predators, namely, cats.) Once birds start to take to it, make sure not to disturb them.

Border your yard with edges

Instead of concrete or wood fences, the branches of a dense, leafy hedge can be effective for shielding your garden, all while allowing light to pass and keeping out strong winds. They also serve as welcoming habitats for insects and small animals.

Give your time

• join an animal protection association
• sign internet petitions
• participate in tree planting and reforestation activities with environmental associations

Watch out for palm oil

Palm oil is found as an ingredient in about one out of ten food products sold in Europe (cookies, chocolate, candy, ice cream, sauce, margarine, etc.) It takes 17 m2 of palm plantation to satisfy the annual demand of one French person.
But this crop is responsible for 90% of the deforestation occurring in Malaysia. In Borneo, it has caused the destruction of 1/3 of native forests in 20 years, resulting in significant losses of unique species of both plant and animal. One of these is the orangutan, the “men of the forest”, who suffer from loss of forest.
From thousands of miles away, our food purchases are determining the fate of this great ape.
Palm crops are also treated with 25 unregulated pesticides, adding further damage to precious habitats.

Don't systematically eliminate insects

Many insects and spiders that seem pesky can be important to biodiversity and pollination and as food for birds. Most spiders and insects don’t bite.

Welcome nature onto your balcony

Consider placing planters or potted plants on your windowsills, terraces and balconies. Choose resistant species and perennials rather than annuals – that way, you won’t have to replant them every year.

Use your wastes

Garden waste, such as dead leaves, lawn clippings, branches, etc., can be used as mulch to limit the growth of weeds. Garden waste mulch also provides food and shelter for local wildlife. An old pile of rotten wood will delight wood-eating insects, hedgehogs, birds, moss, fungus, etc.

Add a flower meadow to your garden

If you have a sunny space available in your garden, leave it be to grow wild, indigenous plants and flowers. You’ll provide attractive habitats for bees, butterflies and other insects.

Pick up your garbage

Thanks to wind currents, any garbage on the ground is likely to end up in rivers and, inevitably, the ocean. Think about carrying a bag in order to collect your own garbage and put it later in the dustbin.

Count on predatory insects

Ladybugs, wasps, solitary bees and hoverflies are crazy about aphids and other parasites.
Earwigs can help get rid oflarva, inset eggs, aphids and small red spiders.

Feed your soil with organic material

The best thing to use to fertilize your soil is compost. The best time to add compost is at the moment of planting of fruit trees or vegetable gardens. You can easily make your own compost from kitchen and garden waste.

Encourage the presence of insectivore animals

Many birds and small mammals are excellent insectivores. A variety of trees and shrubs or even bird houses will attract them to your garden.

Use herbal home remedies

If parasites or other unwanted insects persist, you can use plant based solutions (nettle, horsetail, tansy . . .) which are harmless to the environment.

Welcome naturally occuring plants

Seeds scattered by the wind, birds or insects germinate sporadically when left to do so. Before writing them off as “weeds” and pulling them, give them a chance to bloom: you might just end up with some lovely flowers.

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